Women and gender nonconforming artists will take center stage at this year’s Venice Biennale exhibition, which is set to challenge the dominating role of men in society and consider relationships between humans, technology, and different life forms on earth.
“The Milk of Dreams,” the international art exhibition curated by Italian-born, New York-based curator Cecilia Alemani, will feature 213 artists from 58 countries, including 26 Italian artists, in what will be the most nationally diverse line-up of any edition of the show. Many featured artists come from countries or regions that were normally not represented at the Venice Biennale, Alemani told press during an online conference on Wednesday, February 2.
The exhibition will also address a post-pandemic future through a dialog between historic and contemporary artworks. The show is set to include scores of fresh positions spanning more than 150 years: a total of 180 artists, dead and alive, are taking part for the first time, and there will be 80 newly commissioned productions.
Nan Goldin, Barbara Kruger, and Lousie Lawler, are included among the 213 artists list, alongside rising stars Jamian Juliano-Villani, Tau Lewis, and Christina Quarles. Historic artists, including entertainer and activist Josephine Baker and 19th century painter Georgiana Houghton are also included.
“The presence of a large number of female and gender non-confirming artists challenge the figure of men as the center of the universe,” the curator told the press.
Alexandra Pirici Aggregate (2017–2019). Photo: Andrei Dinu. Courtesy the Artist. © Alexandra Pirici
Since she was appointed to spearhead the prestigious exhibition in January 2020, Alemani has been working on the preparation of the show remotely from her New York office. The content of the hotly anticipated exhibition is a result of many long and candid online conversations she had with artists over the past two years, after the exhibition was postponed from 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
“The research and learning stage had to be done remotely… but I met hundreds and hundreds of artists by Zoom. Not being able to be in their studios is sad. Not being able to see their works in person meant my senses couldn’t be activated,” Alemani said. On the other hand, she said the experience brought “strange feelings of intimacy” and “confessional” discussions.
These conversations were distilled into three major themes that are “intertwined” through out the show, which will be staged at the Arsenale and Giardini: “The representation of bodies and their metamorphosis,” “The relationship between individuals and technologies,” and “The connection between bodies and earth.” In each of the main sections, artworks will echo the mysterious depictions of mutant creatures featured in Surrealist artist Leonora Carrington’s book, The Milk of Dreams, which inspired the title of this year’s exhibition.
Ithell Colquhoun, The Pine Family, 1940. Photo © The Israel Museum Jerusalem. The Vera and Arturo Schwarz Collection of Dada and Surrealist Art in the Israel Museum. © SIAE
Alemani added the “transhistorical” exhibition will additionally have five “time capsules,” which each revolve around different themes: Historic and previously unseen artworks, loaned from major institutions and collections, will be installed here in parallel with the contemporary works on view in the show.
“What emerges is a historical narrative that is not built around systems of direct inheritance or conflict, but around forms of symbiosis, solidarity, and sisterhood,” she said in a statement.
This year’s Venice Biennale will also feature 80 national pavilions, including five countries participating for the first time: Cameroon, Namibia, Nepal, Oman, and Uganda. Kazakshstan, Kirghizistan, and Uzbekistan will also each stage their own pavilion for the first time.
See the full list of artists below:
1. Noor Abuarafeh b. 1986, Jerusalem. Lives in Jerusalem and Maastricht, the Netherlands
2. Carla Accardi b. 1924, Trapani, Italy–2014, Rome, Italy
3. Igshaan Adams b. 1982, Cape Town. Lives in Cape Town, South Africa
4. Eileen Agar b. 1899, Buenos Aires, Argentina–1991, London, U.K.
5. Monira Al Qadiri b. 1983, Dakar, Senegal. Lives in Berlin, Germany
6. Sophia Al-Maria b. 1983, Tacoma, U.S. Lives in London, U.K. Pavilion of Applied Arts
7. Ozlem Altın b. 1977, Goch, Germany. Lives in Berlin, Germany
8. Marina Apollonio b. 1940, Trieste, Italy. Lives in Padua, Italy
9. Gertrud Arndt b. 1903, Ratibor (Racibórz), German Empire (present-day Poland)–2000, Darmstadt, Germany
10. Ruth Asawa b. 1926, Norwalk, U.S.–2013, San Francisco, U.S.
11. Shuvinai Ashoona b. 1961, Kinngait. Lives in Kinngait, Nunavut
12. Belkis Ayón b. 1967–1999, Havana, Cuba
13. Firelei Báez b. 1981, Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic. Lives in New York City, U.S.
14. Felipe Baeza b. 1987, Guanajuato, Mexico. Lives in New York City, U.S.
15. Josephine Baker b. 1906, Saint Louis, U.S.–1975, Paris, France
16. Djuna Barnes b. 1892–1982, New York City, U.S.
17. Mária Bartuszová b. 1936, Prague, Czechoslovakia (present-day Czech Republic)–1996, Košice, Slovakia
18. Benedetta b. 1897, Rome, Italy–1977, Venice, Italy
19. Mirella Bentivoglio b. 1922, Klagenfurt, Austria–2017, Rome, Italy (In collaboration with Annalisa) Alloatti 1926–2000, Turin, Italy
20. Merikokeb Berhanu b. 1977, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Lives in Silver Spring, U.S.
21. Tomaso Binga b. 1931, Salerno, Italy. Lives in Rome, Italy
22. Cosima von Bonin b. 1962, Mombasa, Kenya. Lives in Cologne, Germany
23. Louise Bonnet b. 1970, Geneva, Switzerland. Lives in Los Angeles, U.S.
24. Marianne Brandt b. 1893, Chemnitz, Germany–1983, Kirchberg, Germany
25. Kerstin Brätsch b. 1979, Hamburg, Germany. Lives in New York City, U.S. and Berlin, Germany
26. Dora Budor b. 1984, Zagreb, Croatia. Lives in New York City, U.S.
27. Eglė Budvytytė b. 1981, Kaunas, Lithuania. Lives in Vilnius, Lithuania and Amsterdam, the Netherlands
In collaboration with Marija Olšauskaitè and Julija Steponaitytė b. 1989, Vilnius. Lives in Vilnius, Lithuania and New York City, U.S. b. 1992, Vilnius. Lives in Vilnius, Lithuania and Amsterdam, the Netherlands
28. Liv Bugge b. 1974, Oslo. Lives in Oslo, Norway
29. Simnikiwe Buhlungu b. 1995, Johannesburg. Lives in Johannesburg, South Africa and Amsterdam, the Netherlands Biennale College Arte
30. Miriam Cahn b. 1949, Basel, Switzerland. Lives in Stampa, Switzerland
31. Claude Cahun b. 1894, Nantes, France–1954, Saint Helier, Jersey, U.K.
32. Elaine Cameron-Weir b. 1985, Red Deer, Canada. Lives in New York City, U.S.
33. Milly Canavero 1920–2010, Genoa, Italy
34. Leonora Carrington b. 1917, Clayton-le-Woods, U.K.–2011, Mexico City, Mexico
35. Regina Cassolo Bracchi 1894, Mede, Italy–1974, Milan, Italy b. 1981, Kaunas, Lithuania. Lives in Vilnius, Lithuania and Amsterdam, the Netherlands
36. Ambra Castagnetti b. 1993, Genoa, Italy. Lives in Milan, Italy Biennale College Arte
37. Giulia Cenci b. 1988, Cortona. Lives in Cortona, Italy and Amsterdam, the Netherlands
38. Giannina Censi b. 1913, Milan, Italy–1995, Voghera, Italy
39. Gabriel Chaile b. 1985, San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina. Lives in Buenos Aires, Argentina and Lisbon, Portugal
40. Ali Cherri b. 1976, Beirut, Lebanon. Lives in Paris, France
41. Anna Coleman Ladd b. 1878, Bryn Mawr, U.S.–1939, Santa Barbara, U.S.
42. Ithell Colquhoun b. 1906, Shillong, India–1988, Lamorna, U.K.
43. Myrlande Constant b. 1968, Port-au-Prince. Lives in Port-au-Prince, Haiti
44. June Crespo b. 1982, Pamplona, Spain. Lives in Bilbao, Spain
45. Dadamaino 1930–2004, Milan, Italy
46. Noah Davis b. 1983, Seattle, U.S.–2015, Ojai, U.S.
47. Lenora de Barros b. 1953, São Paulo. Lives in São Paulo, Brazil
48. Valentine de Saint-Point b. 1875, Lyon, France–1953, Cairo, Egypt
49. Lise Deharme b. 1898, Paris, France–1980, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
50. Sonia Delaunay b. 1885, Odessa, Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine)–1979, Paris, France
51. Agnes Denes b. 1931, Budapest, Hungary. Lives in New York City, U.S.
52. Maya Deren b. 1917, Kyiv, Ukraine–1961, New York City, U.S.
53. Lucia Di Luciano b. 1933, Syracuse, Italy. Lives in Formello, Italy
54. Ibrahim El-Salahi b. 1930, Omdurman, Sudan. Lives in Oxford, U.K.
55. Sara Enrico b. 1979, Biella, Italy. Lives in Turin, Italy
56. Chiara Enzo b. 1989, Venice. Lives in Venice, Italy
57. Andro Eradze b. 1993, Tbilisi. Lives in Tbilisi, Georgia Biennale College Arte
58. Jaider Esbell b. 1979, Normandia, Brazil–2021, São Sebastião, Brazil
59. Jana Euler b. 1982, Friedberg, Germany. Lives in Frankfurt, Germany and Brussels, Belgium
60. Minnie Evans b. 1892, Long Creek, U.S.–1987, Wilmington, U.S.
61. Alexandra Exter b. 1882, Białystok, Russian Empire (present-day Poland)–1949, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
62. Jadé Fadojutimi b. 1993, London. Lives in London, U.K.
63. Jes Fan b. 1990, Scarborough, Canada. Lives in New York City, U.S. and Hong Kong
64. Safia Farhat b. 1924–2004, Radès, Tunisia
65. Simone Fattal b. 1942, Damascus, Syria. Lives in Paris and Erquy, France
66. Célestin Faustin b. 1948, Lafond, Haiti–1981, Pétion-Ville, Haiti
67. Leonor Fini b. 1907, Buenos Aires, Argentina–1996, Paris, France
68. Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven b. 1874, Swinemünde (Świnoujście), German Empire (present-day Poland)–1927, Paris, France
69. Katharina Fritsch b. 1956, Essen, Germany. Lives in Wuppertal and Düsseldorf, Germany
70. Ilse Garnier b. 1927, Kaiserslautern, Germany–2020, Saisseval, France
71. Aage Gaup b. 1943, Børselv, Sápmi/Northern Norway–2021, Karasjok, Sápmi/Northern Norway
72. Linda Gazzera b. 1890, Rome, Italy–1942, São Paulo, Brazil
73. Ficre Ghebreyesus b. 1962, Asmara, Eritrea–2012, New Haven, U.S.
74. Elisa Giardina Papa b. 1979, Medicina, Italy. Lives in New York City, U.S. and Palermo, Italy
75. Roberto Gil de Montes b. 1950, Guadalajara, Mexico. Lives in La Peñita de Jaltemba, Mexico
76. Nan Goldin b. 1953, Washington, D.C., U.S.. Lives in New York City, U.S.
77. Jane Graverol b. 1905, Ixelles, Belgium–1984, Fontainebleau, France
78. Laura Grisi b. 1939, Rhodes, Greece–2017, Rome, Italy
79. Karla Grosch b. 1904, Weimar, Germany–1933, Tel Aviv, Mandatory Palestine (present-day Israel)
80. Robert Grosvenor b. 1937, New York City, U.S.. Lives in East Patchogue, U.S.
81. Aneta Grzeszykowska b. 1974, Warsaw. Lives in Warsaw, Poland
82. Sheroanawe Hakihiiwe b. 1971, Sheroana, Venezuela. Lives in Mahekototeri and Caracas, Venezuela
83. Florence Henri b. 1893, New York City, U.S.–1982, Compiègne, France
84. Lynn Hershman Leeson b. 1941, Cleveland, U.S. Lives in San Francisco, U.S.
85. Charline von Heyl b. 1960, Mainz, Germany. Lives in New York City and Marfa, U.S.
86. Hannah Höch b. 1889, Gotha, Germany–1978, Berlin, Germany
87. Jessie Homer French b. 1940, New York City, U.S. Lives in Mountain Center, U.S.
88. Rebecca Horn b. 1944, Michelstadt, Germany. Lives in Odenwald, Germany
89. Georgiana Houghton b. 1814, Las Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain–1884, London, U.K.
90. Sheree Hovsepian b. 1974, Isfahan, Iran. Lives in New York City, U.S.
91. Tishan Hsu b. 1951, Boston, U.S. Lives in New York City, U.S.
92. Marguerite Humeau b. 1986, Cholet, France. Lives in London, U.K.
93. Jacqueline Humphries b. 1960, New Orleans, U.S. Lives in New York City, U.S.
94. Kudzanai-Violet Hwami b. 1993, Gutu, Zimbabwe. Lives in London, U.K. Biennale College Arte
95. Tatsuo Ikeda b. 1928, Saga, Japan–2020, Tokyo, Japan
96. Saodat Ismailova b. 1981, Tashkent. Lives in Tashkent, Uzbekistan and Paris, France
97. Aletta Jacobs b. 1854, Sappemeer, the Netherlands–1929, Baarn, the Netherlands
98. Geumhyung Jeong b. 1980, Seoul. Lives in Seoul, South Korea
99. Charlotte Johannesson b. 1943, Malmö, Sweden. Lives in Skanör, Sweden
100. Loïs Mailou Jones b. 1905, Boston, U.S.–1998, Washington, D.C., U.S.
101. Jamian Juliano-Villani b. 1987, Newark, U.S. Lives in New York City, U.S.
102. Birgit Jürgenssen 1949–2003, Vienna, Austria
103. Ida Kar b. 1908, Tambov, Russia–1974, London, U.K.
104. Allison Katz b. 1980, Montreal, Canada. Lives in London, U.K.
105. Bronwyn Katz b. 1993, Kimberley, South Africa. Lives in Johannesburg, South Africa
106. Kapwani Kiwanga b. 1978, Hamilton, Canada. Lives in Paris, France
107. Kiki Kogelnik b. 1935, Graz, Austria–1997, Vienna, Austria
108. Barbara Kruger b. 1945, Newark, U.S. Lives in Los Angeles, U.S.
109. Tetsumi Kudo b. 1935, Osaka, Japan–1990, Tokyo, Japan
110. Gabrielle L’Hirondelle Hill b. 1979, Comox, Canada. Lives on the unceded territories of the Musqueam, Squamish and Tsleil- Waututh peoples
111. Louise Lawler b. 1947, Bronxville, U.S. Lives in New York City, U.S.
112. Carolyn Lazard b. 1987, Upland, U.S. Lives in New York City and Philadelphia, U.S.
113. Mire Lee b. 1988, Seoul, South Korea. Lives in Amsterdam, the Netherlands
114. Simone Leigh b. 1967, Chicago, U.S. Lives in New York City, U.S.
115. Hannah Levy b. 1991, New York City. Lives in New York City, U.S.
116. Tau Lewis b. 1993, Toronto, Canada. Lives in New York City, U.S.
117. Shuang Li b. 1990, Wuyi Mountains, China. Lives in Berlin, Germany and Geneva, Switzerland
118. Liliane Lijn b. 1939, New York City, U.S. Lives in London, U.K.
119. Candice Lin b. 1979, Concord, U.S. Lives in Los Angeles, U.S.
120. Mina Loy b. 1882, London, U.K.–1966, Aspen, U.S.
121. Antoinette Lubaki b. 1895, Bukama, Congo Free State (present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo)–?
122. LuYang b. 1984, Shanghai. Lives in Shanghai, China
123. Zhenya Machneva b. 1988, Leningrad (present-day Saint Petersburg), Russia. Lives in Saint Petersburg, Russia
124. Baya Mahieddine b. 1931, Fort de l’Eau (present-day Bordj El Kiffan), Algeria–1998, Blida, Algeria
125. Maruja Mallo b. 1902, Viveiro, Spain–1995, Madrid, Spain
126. Joyce Mansour b.1928, Bowden, U.K.–1986, Paris, France
127. Britta Marakatt-Labba b. 1951, Idivuoma, Sápmi/Northern Sweden. Lives in Övre Soppero, Sápmi/Northern Sweden
128. Diego Marcon b. 1985, Busto Arsizio, Italy. Lives in Milan, Italy
129. Sidsel Meineche Hansen b. 1981, Ry, Denmark. Lives in London, U.K.
130. Maria Sibylla Merian b. 1647, Frankfurt am Main, Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire (present-day Germany)–1717, Amsterdam, Dutch Republic (present-day the Netherlands)
131. Vera Molnár b. 1924, Budapest, Hungary. Lives in Paris, France
132. Delcy Morelos b. 1967, Tierralta, Colombia. Lives in Bogotá, Colombia
133. Sister Gertrude Morgan b. 1900, LaFayette, U.S.–1980, New Orleans, U.S.
134. Sandra Mujinga b. 1989, Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Lives in Oslo, Norway, and Berlin, Germany.
135. Mrinalini Mukherjee b. 1949, Bombay (present-day Mumbai), India–2015, New Delhi, India.
136. Nadja b. 1902, Saint-André-lez-Lille, France–1941, Bailleul, France
137. Louise Nevelson b. 1899, Pereiaslav, Poltava Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine)–1988, New York City, U.S.
138. Amy Nimr b. 1898, Cairo, Egypt–1974, Paris, France
139. Magdalene Odundo b. 1950, Nairobi, Kenya. Lives in Farnham, U.K.
140. Precious Okoyomon b. 1993, London, U.K. Lives in New York City, U.S.
141. Meret Oppenheim b. 1913, Berlin, Germany–1985, Basel, Switzerland
142. Ovartaci b. 1894, Ebeltoft, Denmark–1985, Risskov, Denmark
143. Virginia Overton b. 1971, Nashville, U.S. Lives in New York City, U.S.
144. Akosua Adoma Owusu b. 1984, Alexandria, U.S. Lives in New York City and Cambridge, U.S.
145. Prabhakar Pachpute b. 1986, Sasti, India. Lives in Pune, India
146. Eusapia Palladino b. 1854, Minervino Murge, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (present-day Italy)–1918, Naples, Italy
147. Violeta Parra b. 1917, San Fabián de Alico, Chile–1967, Santiago, Chile
148. Rosana Paulino b. 1967, São Paulo. Lives in São Paulo, Brazil
149. Valentine Penrose b. 1898, Mont-de-Marsan, France–1978, Chiddingly, U.K.
150. Elle Pérez b. 1989, New York City. Lives in New York City, U.S.
151. Sondra Perry b. 1986, Perth Amboy, U.S. Lives in Newark, U.S.
152. Solange Pessoa b. 1961, Ferros, Brazil. Lives in Belo Horizonte, Brazil
153. Thao Nguyen Phan b. 1987, Ho Chi Minh City. Lives in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
154. Julia Phillips b. 1985, Hamburg, Germany. Lives in Chicago, U.S. and Berlin, Germany
155. Joanna Piotrowska b. 1985, Warsaw. Lives in Warsaw, Poland and London, U.K.
156. Alexandra Pirici b. 1982, Bucharest. Lives in Bucharest, Romania
157. Anu Põder b. 1947, Kanepi, Estonia–2013, Tallinn, Estonia
158. Gisèle Prassinos b. 1920, Constantinople (present-day Istanbul), Ottoman Empire (present-day Turkey)–2015, Paris, France
159. Christina Quarles b. 1985, Chicago, U.S. Lives in Los Angeles, U.S.
160. Rachilde b. 1860, Cros, France–1953, Paris, France
161. Janis Rafa b. 1984, Athens. Lives in Athens, Greece and Amsterdam, the Netherlands
162. Alice Rahon b. 1904, Chenecey-Buillon, France–1987, Mexico City, Mexico
163. Carol Rama 1918–2015, Turin, Italy
164. Paula Rego b. 1935, Lisbon, Portugal. Lives in London, U.K.
165. Edith Rimmington b. 1902, Leicester, U.K.–1986, Bexhill-on-Sea, U.K.
166. Enif Robert b. 1886, Prato, Italy–1974, Bologna, Italy
167. Luiz Roque b. 1979, Cachoeira do Sul, Brazil. Lives in São Paulo, Brazil
168. Rosa Rosà b. 1884, Vienna, Austria–1978, Rome, Italy
169. Niki de Saint Phalle b. 1930, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France–2002, La Jolla, U.S.
170. Giovanna Sandri 1923–2002, Rome, Italy
171. Pinaree Sanpitak b. 1961, Bangkok. Lives in Bangkok, Thailand
172. Aki Sasamoto b. 1980, Kanagawa, Japan. Lives in New York City, U.S.
173. Augusta Savage b. 1892, Green Cove Springs, U.S.–1962, New York City, U.S.
174. Lavinia Schulz and Walter Holdt b. 1896, Lübben (Spreewald), Germany–1924, Hamburg, Germany 1899–1924, Hamburg, Germany
175. Lillian Schwartz b. 1927, Cincinnati, U.S. Lives in New York City, U.S.
176. Amy Sillman b. 1955, Detroit, U.S. Lives in New York City, U.S.
177. Elias Sime b. 1968, Addis Ababa. Lives in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
178. Marianna Simnett b. 1986, London, U.K. Lives in Berlin, Germany
179. Hélène Smith b. 1861, Martigny, Switzerland–1929, Geneva, Switzerland
180. Sable Elyse Smith b. 1986, Los Angeles, U.S. Lives in New York City, U.S.
181. Teresa Solar b. 1985, Madrid. Lives in Madrid, Spain
182. Mary Ellen Solt b. 1920, Gilmore City, U.S.–2007, Santa Clarita, U.S.
183. P. Staff b. 1987, Bognor Regis, U.K. Lives in London, U.K. and Los Angeles, U.S.
184. Sophie Taeuber-Arp b. 1889, Davos, Switzerland–1943, Zürich, Switzerland
185. Toshiko Takaezu b. 1922, Pepeekeo, U.S.–2011, Honolulu, U.S.
186. Emma Talbot b. 1969, Stourbridge, U.K. Lives in London, U.K.
187. Dorothea Tanning b. 1910, Galesburg, U.S.–2012, New York City, U.S.
188. Bridget Tichenor b. 1917, Paris, France–1990, Mexico City, Mexico
189. Tecla Tofano b. 1927, Naples, Italy–1995, Caracas, Venezuela
190. Josefa Tolrà b. 1880–1959, Cabrils, Spain
191. Tourmaline b. 1983, Boston, U.S. Lives in New York City, U.S.
192. Toyen b. 1902, Prague, Austro-Hungarian Empire (present-day Czech Republic)–1980, Paris, France
193. Rosemarie Trockel b. 1952, Schwerte, Germany. Lives in Berlin, Germany
194. Wu Tsang b. 1982, Worcester, U.S. Lives in Zürich, Switzerland
195. Kaari Upson b. 1970, San Bernardino, U.S.–2021, New York City, U.S.
196. Andra Ursuta b. 1979, Salonta, Romania. Lives in New York City, U.S.
197. Grazia Varisco b. 1937, Milan. Lives in Milan, Italy
198. Remedios Varo b. 1908, Anglès, Spain–1963, Mexico City, Mexico
199. Sandra Vásquez de la Horra b. 1967, Viña del Mar, Chile. Lives in Berlin, Germany
200. Marie Vassilieff b. 1884, Smolensk, Russia–1957, Nogent-sur-Marne, France
201. Cecilia Vicuña b. 1948, Santiago, Chile. Lives in New York City, U.S.
202. Nanda Vigo 1936–2020, Milan, Italy
203. Marianne Vitale b. 1973, East Rockaway, U.S. Lives in New York City, U.S.
204. Raphaela Vogel b. 1988, Nuremberg, Germany. Lives in Berlin, Germany
205. Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller b. 1877, Philadelphia, U.S.–1968, Framingham, U.S.
206. Laura Wheeler Waring b. 1887, Hartford, U.S.–1948, Philadelphia, U.S.
207. Ulla Wiggen b. 1942, Stockholm. Lives in Stockholm, Sweden
208. Mary Wigman b. 1886, Hanover, Germany–1973, Berlin, Germany
209. Müge Yilmaz b. 1985, Istanbul, Turkey. Lives in Amsterdam, the Netherlands
210. Frantz Zéphirin b. 1968, Cap-Haïtien, Haiti. Lives in Port-au-Prince, Haiti
211. Zheng Bo b. 1974, Beijing, China. Lives on Lantau Island, Hong Kong
212. Unica Zürn b. 1916, Berlin, Germany–1970, Paris, France
213. Portia Zvavahera b. 1985, Harare. Lives in Harare, Zimbabwe
The Venice Biennale’s 59th International Art Exhibition, “The Milk of Dreams,” will be on view at the Giardini della Biennale, C. Giazzo, 30122 Venice, April 23–November 27, 2022.